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Great Britain Pound GBP

 

Detailed information and fundamental factors

Central Bank: Bank of England

Public Debt to GDP Ratio, 2016: 92.2%

Trade Balance, 2016: -$169.5 bln.

Inflation, 2016: 0.5%

Sovereign Credit Ratings:

Fitch
AA
Negative
Moody's
Aa2
Stable
S&P
AA
Negative

Supporting Factors

Global reserve currency

medium

Currency of international trade

weak

Factors of Weakness

United Kingdom's exit from the European Union

strong

The Great Britain pound sterling (usually called simply “pound” or “sterling”) is the currency used in the United Kingdom and in British territories. Banknotes were introduced following the creation of the Bank of England in 1694, but the history of the currency can be traced long before that, making the pound the oldest world currency that is still in use. The sterling was the most important currency in the world before the World War I. After the World War II had broken out, several countries (for the most part those that belonged to the British Empire) either introduced the pound as their own currency, or pegged their currencies to the sterling. These countries have become know as the sterling area. The importance of the UK currency and the sterling was diminished after the pound was allowed to float freely in 1972. Subsequently, the role of the major world medium of exchange passed to the US dollar. It is still the fourth most traded currency after the dollar, the euro and the yen. The pound is also used as a reserve currency.



Great Britain Pound News Archive

Pound Declines Against US Dollar on Weak UK Inflation Data

The British pound today declined against the US dollar after the release of weak UK inflation data as tracked by the Consumer Price Index. The pound retraced most of yesterday’s gains as demand for the US dollar increased across the board.

British Pound Swings Widely on UK Data and Chinese Rumors

The British pound today recorded wide swings against the US dollar as it dropped to 8-week lows and rallied higher on US dollar weakness. The rally was mainly triggered by rumors originating from China, but was short-lived as the pound headed lower much later.

British Pound Declines on Chaotic Cabinet Reshuffle

The British pound today registered a massive drop against the US dollar after a cabinet reshuffle by Theresa May turned chaotic. The cabinet reshuffle turned chaotic after the Education Secretary Justine Greening quit the government and Health Minister Jeremy Hunt refused to vacate his office.

British Pound Gains Against US Dollar on Positive UK and US Data

The British pound today gained ground against the US dollar amid a raft of positive UK macro releases such as the Markit/CIPS UK Services PMI. Positive releases from the US docket in the early American session could not derail the pound’s rally against the US dollar.

British Pound Falls as Construction Activity Declines in December

The British pound fell against most of its major peers on Wednesday following a fresh release that showed a drop in activity within the construction sector in the last month of 2017. The British currency further weakened against the US dollar as traders anticipated the minutes of the last Federal Open Market Committee’s meeting.

GBP Gains on USD, Falls vs. Other Rivals After Manufacturing PMI

The Great Britain pound gained on the US dollar but fell versus other most-traded currencies after the release of Britain’s manufacturing PMI.

GBP/USD Trades Sideways on Last Trading Day Before Christmas

The GBP/USD currency pair today traded mostly in a tight sideways range having rallied slightly in the early European session after the release of UK quarterly GDP data. The pair retraced some of its gains during the mid-European session, but rallied higher after the release of US personal income data for November.

British Pound Rallies Briefly on UK Public Sector Finances Report

The British pound today rallied higher against the US dollar after the release of the UK public sector finances report for November. The pound was lagging against the greenback during the Asian session due to the recovery in US Treasury yields, which slowed down the demand for the pound.

British Pound Rallies Against US Dollar on Mark Carney’s Speech

The British pound today rallied higher against the US dollar after Mark Carney‘s testimony before the UK parliament, which was interpreted by investors as being quite hawkish. The pound was on an uptrend against the US dollar from the early European session despite the lack of any fundamental drivers due to the nearly empty UK economic docket.

GBP/USD Tumbles to New Lows on Positive US Housing Data

The GBP/USD currency pair today tumbled to new session lows after the release of positive US housing starts data for November. The currency pair was on a downtrend for most of the European session given the empty UK economic docket.

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