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CPI or Consumer Price Index, or Consumer Inflation is a US fundamental indicator closely watched by the FOMC when deciding whether to raise interest rates or not. Due to this, Forex traders also watch this gauge carefully. A CPI value above the forecast is usually perceived as a strengthening sign for the US dollar. When the value comes out below the median forecasts, traders tend to sell the USD. CPI is a monthly indicator with releases closer to the middle of the month. You can find previous CPI releases for several years. The primary source for CPI reports is the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

It is important to note that CPI comes out in two version: plain and core. The latter excludes food and energy costs to smooth out the volatile elements of the price changes. Monetary authorities prefer the core version over the plain CPI.

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